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Carefully review the Family Escape Planning guidelines in this manual. The legal systems of some countries predict legal vaccination exemptions. One of the most usual reasons for exemption are medical reasons, followed by the religious, social, and philosophical reasons personal belief, conscience objection 3 - 7.
These events triggered a worldwide debate regarding vaccination and legal exemption of vaccination and its possible consequences such as social distancing, exclusion from school during a disease outbreak, absence from work, etc 12 , Religion influences decisions on vaccination 14 - 16 , and religious objection is often used by parents as an excuse to avoid the vaccination of their children 5 , Some studies show that the number religious exemptions has been increasing 18 , leading to vaccine preventable disease outbreaks 10 such as mumps outbreak in a protestant orthodox group in The Netherlands.
Compared to Hindus, Muslim children had greater chance of being under-vaccinated or unvaccinated compared with the vaccinated children. The view of Catholicism The most morally questionable issue regarding vaccination in Catholicism is using cell lines derived from a voluntary aborted fetus.
The Moral Reflection On Vaccines published by the Pontifical Academy for Life 20 suggests that these vaccines should be avoided and proposes a search for alternatives. In the case where no alternative vaccine is available, the use of the existing vaccine is morally acceptable in order to avoid serious risks for children and for the whole population especially pregnant women. Besides this document, the Catholic Church's Magisterium discusses bioethical issues with respect to forbidden sources of human biological materials in two further documents.
Dignitas personae 22 , n. In the case where ethically acceptable sources of vaccines are not available, it is necessary to weigh the vital importance and the risk of no vaccination.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church 25 does not cover the topic of vaccination directly. Indirectly, there are a few canons that could be applied to vaccination issue. The Church recognizes the ability of human intellect to meet the God canon 39 , which is the foundation for the dialog with other religions, philosophy, and science.
The canons emphasize the virtue of solidarity in the world. By spreading spiritual values, the Church has throughout the centuries helped to create better social and cultural conditions for living among different nations. Catholicism should emphasize the importance of taking the risk of side effects of vaccination to strengthen solidarity with other humans.
By taking this risk, people participate in the protection of the entire society, including those who cannot be vaccinated because of medical contraindications or have been vaccinated but without adequate immunogenic response Orthodox view To clarify the Orthodox view on the vaccination process, we chose the example of Russia, a country where the orthodox religion is the leading religion and where historical perspective plays a special role in public, social, and cultural life.
The Russian Orthodox Church absolutely acknowledges that vaccination is the main way to achieve progress. Refusal of vaccination and its causes cannot be clear without being familiar with the history of the anti-vaccination lobby. This article claims that vaccination is not just a prick and that it causes serious complications.
At present, the tribune of the anti-vaccination movement is the internet, which can provide access to the general population without demanding a true scientific assessment of efficiency and risks of vaccination. One of the motives used by opponents of vaccination is speculation in religious beliefs. Recently the anti-vaccination movement began to spread actively in monasteries, churches, and through a video production.
This all prompted the official Russian Church to issue an opinion about the topic of vaccination. In some cases inoculations really cause complications that are most often connected with violation of the rules of vaccination, such as its use on weakened children.
The position of orthodox doctors and philosophers was reflected in the statement of Church Public Council on Biomedical Ethics of the Moscow Patriarchy and in the statement of the Department of Church Charity and social service of the Moscow Patriarchy and the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation These documents unambiguously state that vaccination is a necessary modern measure of infectious diseases prevention, the refusal of which can lead to serious consequences.
At the same time it was noted that some aspects of vaccination demand additional attention. The Russian public has shown concern regarding vaccines against rubella, hepatitis A, and chicken pox, which are produced from the diploidic cells from aborted embryos.
However, application of these vaccines is only beginning and it is not widely available, so the diploidic vaccines against these diseases are mostly used. Protestant view In Protestantism, there are various denominations without a supreme leading moral figure, such as the Pope in the Catholic Church. Protestantism accentuates individual freedom and gives parents the right to decide whether to vaccinate their children or not. According to Ruijs 16 , 17 , Orthodox Protestant parents who refuse vaccination on religious grounds 17 claim that vaccination is an act of interfering with divine providence.
On the other hand, pro-vaccine parents believe vaccination to be a gift of God Rujis also found that the religious leaders from the same denomination had different standpoints on vaccination: some do not address the topic of vaccination because it is generally accepted, the others deliberately leave the choice to the members of their congregation, and the third address the negative connotation regarding vaccination in their religious work Jewish view Israeli legislation has been traditionally influenced by religious law in the matters of birth, marriage, and death.
However, Jewish theology tells us nothing explicit about today's medicine. Vaccination was unknown in Biblical and Talmudic times, but methods for preserving health and life, particularly cleanliness, were known.
God made the man not only to His physical image and likeness, but to His mental image and likeness. It is clear, however, that we cannot be fruitful and multiply unless we are healthy. We must use our minds, our power of thinking to decide how to preserve our health. These were the seeds of preventive medicine. We use the intelligence that God gave us to go beyond the raw nature which God created, and to preserve the health which we need to obey His commandments.
Vaccination is one of the practices we developed from these seeds. It should be considered in the sense of Pikuakh nefesh — the act that saves lives 31 , or the protection of the children and neighbors. Although the Israeli law does not require vaccination, the government is trying to exercise pressure by denying child allowance payments to parents who do not vaccinate their children.
This step has attracted opposition on the grounds of interference with individual rights. The controversy has not yet been settled When children are concerned, and serious risks to health or life are involved, it is irresponsible to ignore the almost universal weight of medical opinion.
Children should be vaccinated, as almost all Israeli parents agree with it Other animals are licit — halal — depending on how they die This problem is reflected in medicine regarding the use of gelatin in medical products. If gelatin is derived from halal animal it is permissible to use it.
According to Islamic tradition, vaccination serves to protect life, to respect the principle of preventing harm izalat aldharar , and public interest maslahat al ummah. Vaccination protects others, which is why the law of necessity should be considered.
It has a purpose in prevention, therefore its components cannot be judged as a diet Buddhist view Buddhism claims that life is one, which means that all forms of life are essentially related to one another and share a common essence. Even though there are different expressions of life, their lives are basically the same and they only differ in their external forms of being.
Buddhism also believes in the Wheel of Rebirth, meaning that all forms of life will be reincarnated according to the karma they accumulated while living. Someday, in the process of reincarnation when all karma has been completely exhausted, the wheel of rebirth can be stopped. In order to reach this Nirvana, every Buddhist must carefully observe the 8-fold Path and the Ten Precepts that help prevent any accumulation of karma.
These precepts include: not taking life, not stealing, being chaste, not lying, not drinking intoxicants, etc Modern Buddhists will generally use vaccines to make sure their health is protected.
But according to the essential teaching of Buddhism, if the vaccine is derived from any life form its use is debatable. Buddhism basically forbids any act that will lead to the destruction of any potential life.
Therefore, Buddhism requires its followers to treat all life kindly Want to Read. Are you sure you want to remove Catechismus Ecclesiae Catholicae from your list? There's no description for this book yet. Can you add one? Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church.
Catechism of the Catholic Church. Catechism of the Catholic Church: Esta es la fe de la Iglesia: Catechismo della Chiesa cattolica: Catechismo della Chiesa cattolica. Catechism for the universal church: